Kundan earrings are traditional Indian jewelry known for their intricate and exquisite designs. The term "kundan" refers to a specific technique of gem-setting that involves placing glass or semi-precious stones in a gold or silver base. The rocks are typically encased in a metal foil that enhances their sparkle and brilliance.
Kundan Earrings are often characterized by their colorful and vibrant appearance. They come in various shapes and sizes, from delicate studs to larger, more elaborate dangling designs. These earrings are popular for weddings, festivals, and other special occasions in India and other South Asian countries.
The process of making Kundan jewelry involves several steps, including:
Design and Wax Casting: A design is created on paper or digitally, and then a wax model of the jewelry piece is made.
Framework: To create the gemstone base, the wax model is set in a metal frame, often made of gold.
Kundan Setting: Thin sheets of gold or silver are used to create gemstone compartments. These compartments are then filled with melted lac, a natural resin. The gemstones are pressed into the lac while it's still hot, securing them in place.
Meenakari: Meenakari is the art of adding colorful enamel to Kundan jewelry. This adds an extra layer of intricacy and vibrancy to the piece.
Polishing and Finishing: The piece is polished to a high shine, and any final touches are added to complete the design.
Kundan earrings can be paired with traditional Indian attire, such as sarees, lehengas, and salwar kameez, as well as with contemporary outfits to add a touch of elegance and cultural charm. They have a timeless appeal and are often passed down as heirlooms from one generation to another.